The Study of Worship



Pastor A. J. Watkins M. Div.

Strong’s Concordance, James Moffet, Greek Lexicon

King James Translation & Bibliography Included

Simonton Genesis Ministries Inc. © 2014

WORSHIP. The act of paying honor to a deity; religious reverence and homage. The rendering of the following Heb. and Gk. words:

1. Heb. shaha (to “bow down”), to prostrate oneself before another in order to do him honor and reverence (Gen 22:5; etc.). This mode of salutation consisted in falling upon the knees and then touching the forehead to the ground (19:1; 42:6; 48:12; 1 Sam 25:41; etc., often rendered “bowed”). It is, however, used specifically to bow down before God; spoken of worship rendered to God, and also to false gods (Gen 22:5; Ex 24:1; 33:10; Judges 7:15; Job 1:20; Ps 22:27; 86:9).

2. Aram. segid (to “fall down”), spoken of in connection with idol worship; to fall down in adoration of idols (Dan 3:5-6,10-12,14-15,28); in honor of a man, as of Daniel (Dan 2:46).

3. Heb. `asab (to “carve, labor”), to serve an idol, as in Jer 44:19; or according to others, to fashion her, i.e., the image (see Orelli, Com., ad loc.).

4. The Gk. words thus rendered are: proskuneo, properly to “kiss the hand to (toward) one,” in token of reverence; also by kneeling or prostration to do homage-the word most frequently used in the NT; sebomai, to “revere” a deity (Matt 15:9; Mark 7:7; Acts 18:13; 19:27). Proselytes of the gate are called worshipers of God (sebomene ton theon, 16:14; 18:7), or simply “devout persons” (tois sebomenois, 17:17, “God-fearing”). latreuo (to “serve”) in the NT means to render religious service or honor and in the strict sense to perform sacred services, to offer gifts, to worship God in the observance of the rites instituted for His worship (Heb 10:2; 9:9). Ethelothreskeia (“voluntary worship”), i.e., worship that one devises and prescribes for himself, contrary to the contents and nature of the faith that ought to be directed to Christ; used for the misdirected zeal and practices of ascetics (Col 2:23). Therapeuo to “do service,” as in Acts 17:25.

General Observations. It is as natural to worship as it is to live. The feeling and expression of high adoration, reverence, trust, love, loyalty, and dependence upon a higher power, human or divine, is a necessity to man. These sentiments, toward Country Pond  something or somebody, and whether real or imaginary, appeal to a greater or less degree to every man. And that something determines his worship. “Worship is as old as humanity. It has its root in a necessity of the human soul as native to it as the consciousness of God itself, which impels it to testify by word and act its love and gratitude to the Author of life and the Giver of all good” (Keil, Bib. Arch., p. 55).

Primitive Worship. We are not informed as to the nature of the worship rendered by our first parents. But we learn from earliest records that their sons were moved to present a portion of the product of their labor in sacrifice to God. Men as early as Enosh, the grandson of Adam (Gen 4:26), called upon the name of the Lord. In other words, the regular and solemn worship of God as Jehovah (i.e., as the God of salvation) was celebrated in word and act-with prayer and sacrifice. Max Muller says: “That feeling of sonship which distinguishes man from every other creature, and not only exalts him above the brute, but completely secures him against sinking into a purely physical state of being, that original intuition of God, and that consciousness of his being dependent upon a higher power, can only be the result of a primitive revelation in the most literal sense of the word.” This view is held by Schelling. The other view is that worship cannot be traced to a divine source; that the original condition of the human family was of an extremely rude and imperfect character; and that fetishism, being the lowest form of religion, was also the earliest and that for this Rio Christreason we ought to regard religion, even in its most advanced forms, as springing originally from a barbarous fetishism. But the grounds upon which this opinion is based are weak in the extreme. “It would be nearer the truth to say that they are as divine as they are human in their origin, seeing that they are based upon the relation of man to God involved in his creation, and are evoked by a sense of the divine training and guidance under which he finds himself after his creation” (Keil, Bib. Arch., p. 56).

In primitive times the form of worship that Enoch introduced was still maintained, for Enoch “walked with God” (Gen 5:24). Noah was righteous before Him, expressing his gratitude by presenting burnt offerings (6:9; 8:20-21).

In a subsequent age God chose for Himself a faithful servant in the person of Abraham. He made him the depository of His revelation and the father and founder of His chosen people, who were destined to preserve the knowledge and worship of His name until the time when the Savior would come from their midst. While other nations multiplied their modes of worship according to the political constitution that they adopted and to suit the number and variety of their duties, they devised a corresponding variety of ritual, with a large priesthood and a multitude of sacred observances. But Abraham and the posterity born to him preserved a simple form of worship, as became shepherds and in keeping with the revelation imparted to them. Wherever they pitched their tents for any length of time they built altars in order that, in compliance with ancient usage, they might call upon the name of the Lord (12:7-8; 13:4,18; etc.). Those altars were, doubtless, simple mounds (Heb. bamot)
composed of earth and stone, and the animals sacrificed upon them consisted of those that were edible (i.e., clean), taken from the fold.

We have no information regarding the particular ceremonies observed in connection with these sacrifices. But it is probable that prayer was offered by the patriarchs in person, who were in the habit of discharging the priestly functions. The offerings were for the most part burnt offerings, i.e., offerings that were entirely consumed upon the altar, although instances are given of a portion of the sacrifice being reserved for use in the sacrificial feasts. In the selection of animals for sacrifices the patriarchs were probably guided by the directions given to Abraham (15:9); the way in which the sacrifice of Isaac terminated (22:12-13) must have shown that the animal sacrificed was to be regarded merely as a symbol of the heart’s devotion to God. Whether these sacrifices were offered at regular intervals or on special occasions (see Job 1:5), we cannot say.

Besides altars, memorial stones (Heb. massebot) were erected by the patriarchs on spots where God had favored them with special revelations. Drink offerings were poured upon them (Gen 28:18,22; 35:14). The narrative of Jacob’s vow (2:20-22) tells of his promise that, if God would watch over him, supply his wants, and bring him back in safety, he would acknowledge Jehovah as his God, consecrate the pillar he had set up and make it a house of God, and render to Jehovah a tenth of all his income. He excluded strange gods from his house (35:1-4). After due preparation on the part of his household, he built an altar at Bethel.

To the above-mentioned forms of worship, the rite of circumcision was added. In obedience to a divine order, and as a token of the covenant that Jehovah made with him, Abraham performed this rite upon himself and the male members of his household, commanding his posterity that it was an inviolable obligation (Gen 17:1-14,23-27). Nothing further is known regarding the forms of worship that prevailed among the patriarchs.

Mosaic. When Israel became a nation with an organized civil government, in order to fulfill its divine mission it was necessary that its religious affairs should also be remodeled and that the character and style of its worship should be fixed and regulated by positive divine enactments. This did not necessitate an entirely new system of worship, since they were to serve and honor the God of their fathers. Therefore the worship introduced by Moses was grafted on that of Israel’s ancestors. It was improved and perfected only as the circumstances of the Israelites as a confederacy of tribes or a monarchy seemed to require, with such forms and ceremonies as would further Israel’s divinely appointed mission. This object was further secured by the Mosaic ritual, inasmuch as it embraced all the essential elements of a complete system of worship. It gave precise directions as to the place of worship, with its structure and arrangements, instituting a distinct order of sacred functions, prescribing the religious ceremonies, fixing the sacred seasons and the manner in which they were to be observed.

This system bore the stamp of genuine worship. It was framed by Moses in accordance with revelation and recognized Jehovah as the true God. Nor is it a vital objection to its being true worship on the grounds that it had a material and Bible Pulpitsensuous character and that many of its forms and ceremonies were similar to the rituals of pagan religions. These facts have been variously misconstrued and have been taken advantage of for the purpose of disparaging the origin and character of the Mosaic worship. It is true that the Mosaic worship embodies itself, for the most part, in outward forms and ceremonies, for one can only give expression to his relation to his Creator through corporeal media. Religious thought and feeling can express themselves only in word and act, and therefore forms are necessary in every kind of worship. And being copies or impressions of religious ideas, they must have an allegorical or symbolical character.

Further, the religion of the OT is monotheism, in contradiction to the polytheism of heathen nations. Jehovah is represented not only as the only true God, not merely as the almighty Creator, Preserver, and Governor of the world and every creature; not simply as the eternal, absolute Spirit, the good and merciful One who has destined man to enjoy the felicity of life that springs from personal fellowship with Himself. But He is also pictured as the omnipresent and near One watching over all His creatures, to keep the weak and distressed. He seeks to conduct those who have wandered from Him back to the fountain of life. He selected for Himself, from degenerate humanity, a race to be in a special sense His people and to whom He, in a special sense, would be God, with the purpose of saving the world. This is accompanied with such directions for the regulations of their life, that, if accepted and complied with, Israel would become to Jehovah “My own possession among all the peoples” (Ex 19:5-6), “a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.”

Christian. The church of Christ is not only His representative body on earth, it is also the temple of divine service continuing and perfecting the worship of the past. This service includes offerings presented to God and blessings received from Him. The former embraces the entire ordinance of worship, with its nature, reasons, and observances; the latter embraces the means of grace, common prayer, the Word, and the sacraments. These, however, are really one, and their relations to each other as one are of great importance. Both require for their realization the institution of the evangelical ministry. The worship of the The doorChristian church may be regarded in its divine principles and in its human arrangements. As to the former, its object is the revealed Trinity; its form is mediatorial, through the incarnate Son, by the Holy Spirit; its attributes are spirituality, simplicity, purity, and reverent decorum; its seasons are preeminently the Lord’s Day and all times of holy assembly. As to the latter, it is left to the congregation itself to determine the minor details, according to the pattern shown in the Scripture.

As an institute of worship the church of Christ has its ordinary channels for the communication of the influences of the Holy Spirit to the souls of men, namely, the means of grace; the supreme means are the Word and prayer. Special attention is also called to the sacraments (which see) of baptism and the Lord’s Supper.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: W. D. Maxwell, A History of Christian Worship (1936); O. Cullmann, Early Christian Worship (1953); R. P. Martin, Worship in the Early Church (1974); R. B. Allen, Praise! A Matter of Life and Breath (1980); R. G. Rayburn, O Come Let Us Worship (1980); R. B. Allen and G. L. Borror, Worship: Rediscovering the Missing Jewel (1982).

A. J.  “therightrevrhino” Watkins M.Div.







Simonton Genesis Ministries © 2007

Everyone wants to be number one and when they get to number one, they end up really being ONE who has it all and no one really wants to deal with them when they get there.  They eventually end up that way because they have hurt, misused, and abused the talents of others in an effort to reach the pinnacle of success.  Many act hard and say well I got mine so they have to get theirs quickly forgetting that those who are still trying to get theirs helped you get yours because they “thought” they saw something in you that would “throw a rope back to “help pull them up” as they climb up to the next level in spirituality, health, prosperity, and in self -motivation. 

People can choose who to give back to in their communities and in their lives.  I have no problem with all who do.  I have issues with those who act as if the WORLD OWES THEM something and they step on, mess over, lie to, deceive, mislead, talk down to, and display a sententious and sadity attitude towards people who are helping in their success and exude the stench of  the “I am NEVER WRONG attitude.” 

Luke 12:16-20 addresses such a person.  It finds Jesus saying in this parable, “16 And he spake a parable unto them, saying, The ground of a certain rich man brought forth plentifully:  17 And he thought within himself, saying, What shall I do, because I have no room where to bestow my fruits?  18 And he said, This will I do: I will pull down my barns, and build greater; and there will I bestow all my fruits and my goods.  19 And I will say to my soul, Soul, thou hast much goods laid up for many years; take thine ease, eat, drink, and be merry.  20 But God said unto him, Thou fool, this night thy soul shall be required of thee: then whose shall those things be, which thou hast provided?  21 So is he that layeth up treasure for himself, and is NOT rich toward God.”

Don’t let people run you over “in the name of Jesus” as they reach for their success.  I have grown tired of the cloak and daggers, smoke and mirrors, and deceitful practices that I have witnessed over the last six years with alleged Saints and Secular people alike hurting and talking down to others while they rise to the top.  Life is too short, death is too sure, and hell is too hot for me to stand by and watch folks who mean well get treated ill “even in the name of Jesus” because folks feel they are owed certain things in life AND I KNOW I can make a difference by offering them the help they need.  DEUCES, is all I have to say to such people!  

Hurt church folk and those seeking truth get ready because there is SOMEONE who cares and we are on the way!!!  With that being said, I just wanted to let everyone know that I have moved, and to give you my new address. 

I have moved from Beggars’ Alley located on Poverty Lane at the corner of Bleak and Busted Circle.  As of today, I have a brand new home.   My new address is: Living Well Drive in the Abundance Subdivision, located at the corner of Blessings Street and Thankful Peak.   You get there by taking the Praising Him Interstate, which runs North, South, East, and West.   It’s a loop around the city of REFUGE, REVELATION, RECONCILIATION, AND RESTORATION where the Holy Spirit guides and directs all traffic of the residents in the area.   

No Longer will I allow myself to travel on Begging Peter to pay off Paul Route, because it’s located at a dead-end intersection called “I Don’t Have, that crosses Borrowers’ Junction.” I can no longer hang out at Failures’ Place near Excuses Avenue, next to Procrastination Mall.

I’ve moved on to an upscale community called Higher Heights with unlimited potential and opportunities for me to Succeed–look at me now because I am on my way up!! Please know that each day that GOD awakens me, I am thankful to be a product of my new environment.

All of my dreams are becoming MASTER TAILOR-MADE realities because I have decided to become more rich towards God. I am dressed in life’s finest.  Let me introduce you to all of my new neighbors: CONCEIVE IT, BELIEVE IT, ACT ON IT, HAVE FAITH IN IT, BE PERSISTENT ABOUT IT, AND ALWAYS BE PREPARED TO ACHIEVE IT.  Life is good because: GOD IS GOOD!!!!! I have accepted my God given assignment to assist those in the neighborhood that our ministry is sitting in to have pride, dignity, encouragement, and empowerment to DO SOMETHING about their situations to have a little more comfort in their lives IF THEY WANT IT.  HAVE YOU MOVED TOO???? If not I pray that you will be moving soon!!!!!!!! ALL THE BEST AND GOD BLESS.  MUCH LOVE!

Pastor A. J. “TheRightRevRhino” Watkins D.Min.   

Click here to join me on our internet radio broadcast and receive an encouraging message to help you through the week.

Not By What You Say, But What You Do


Not By What You Say, But By What You Do

Titus 1:10-11, 15-16

King James Version Utilized & Matthew Henry Study Aides

This message is penned and recorded to remind us who are believers to be aware of our conduct. People are watching more-so these days than ever before. People are watching to see if you are going to DO what you SAY you will DO. People are not easily won over anymore with lip service and are cautious when it comes to seeing you do what you say you are going to do.People need and want assurance that if a ministry is going to do something in the various communities around the cities in which they sit, that the ministry actually goes into ACTION and be about it instead of debating and just TALKING about it. Listen in and be blessed and motivated to get up and make a change for yourself first and then put a plan into action to change and help your ministry and/or community. All the best and God bless.

Click here, listen in, and enjoy:  Not By What You Say, But By What You Do

Let’s Go To Hell

LUKE 16:23-17:1
Spurgeon, Ryrie, James Moffet, & Eardman Study Aides
King James Version Utilized Simonton Genesis Ministries © 2009

This message war penned and recorded to remind us to never be so “high-minded” and sadity. It reminds us to be cautious about all people that we may run into from time to time in our lives. We must be on guard to watch our character as well as the character of others. By going by and seeing whose life is a little tougher than ours will allow us to appreciate our up and coming lives. This message reminds us to never judge a person on their looks, but to believe what you actually SEE them do and how they do it whether it is positive or negative behavior. Let us go and see some of the struggles that we often overlook as we go about our daily routine.

Click here:  Let’s Go To Hell

Taking It To Heart

Taking It to Heart

Deuteronomy 11:16-21

King James Version Utilized & Matthew Henry Commentary Notes & Holman Bible Dictionary

Simonton Genesis Ministries © June 2012

Every human body has an organ within it that assists in giving life to the body.  That organ is called the heart.  The heart pumps blood throughout the body which brings oxygen and nutrients to the rest of the body so that it can function in everyday activities. Cardiologists tell us that an average heart pumps 2.4 ounces or 70 milliliters of blood per heartbeat. An average heartbeat in an adult is 72 beats per minute.  Therefore an average heart pumps 1.3 gallons or 5 liters per minute. On a much more grandiloquent scale let it be known that it pumps 1,900 gallons or 7,200 liters per day, almost 700,000 gallons or 2,628,000 liters per year, or 48 million gallons or 184,086,000 liters by the time someone is 70 years old. That’s not bad for a 10 ounce pump!  Medical science also tells us that six days out of the week the heart rate is faster in the morning than in the evening and on the seventh day of the week it is slower in the morning than in the evening. 

Holman Bible Dictionary tells us that the heart from a biblical standpoint is, “The center of the physical, mental, and spiritual life of humans. This contrasts to the normal use of kardia (“heart”) in Greek literature outside the Scriptures. The New Testament follows the Old Testament usage when referring to the human heart in that it gives kardia a wider range of meaning than it was generally accustomed to having.”

As the center of physical life, the heart came to stand for the person as a whole.  The heart is spoken of in Scripture as the center of the moral and spiritual life. The conscience, for instance, is associated with the heart. In fact, the Hebrew language had no word for conscience, so the word heart was often used.  On the negative side, depravity is said to issue from the heart: “The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?” (Jeremiah 17:9). Jesus said that out of the heart comes evil thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, false witness, slander (Matthew 15:19). In other words, defilement comes from within rather than from without. 

Finally, the heart is the dwelling place of God.  God wants your mind (heart) to be focused on him as the guiding light of your life.  He wants us to depend upon him in life changing decisions as well as everyday decisions on the job and in our private lives.  Therefore, we often hear the phrase, “Don’t take it to heart if they hurt you.”

In our text, Moses is speaking about the heart of the people and he restates three points in this chapter.  He tells them to be directed by the three rules:  1. Let our hearts be filled with the word of God: Lay up these words in your heart and in your soul. The heart must be the treasury or store-house in which the word of God must be laid up, to be used upon all occasions. We cannot expect good practices in the conversation, unless there can be good thoughts, good affections, and good principles, in the heart. 2. Let our eyes be fixed upon the word of God. “Bind these words for a sign upon your hand, which is always in view (Isa. 49:16 ), and as frontlets between your eyes, which you cannot avoid the sight of; let them be as ready and familiar to you, and have your eyes constantly upon them, as if they were written upon your door-posts, and could not be overlooked either when you go out or when you come in.’’ We must lay God’s judgments before us,  and maintain a constant regard to those judgments, as they guide our way of life  and our work.  3.  Let our tongues be employed about the word of God. Let God’s Word be the subject of our familiar discourse, wherever we are, especially with our children.  Our youth must be taught the service of God.  That teaching is needed now much more than any of the rules. Great care and pains must be taken to acquaint children with God in these times.  I have not witnessed anything that contributes more to the prosperity and perpetuity of a positive life in a nation than the good education of children.  If we plant holy seed alongside the secular educational seed, future generations will prosper in all areas of life.  Moses actually repeats the assurances he had given them before, in God’s name, of prosperity and success if they were obedient.  They should have a happy settlement, v. 21. Their days should be multiplied; and, when they were fulfilled, the days of their children likewise should be many, as the days of heaven, that is, Canaan should be secured for them and their heirs forever, as long as the world stands, if they did not throw themselves out of it by their own sins.  If they take God at his word and don’t take to heart the things that are not of God and spiritual.

In today’s world, many Christians are standing on the sidelines watching as Satan has a field day with society and they are not taking it to heart.  They are turning their heads and looking away.  They are not taking to heart all of the molested children in our society.  They are not taking to heart the abused wives in relationships.  They are not taking to heart the frustrated husband who is afraid to speak his mind because he takes it as a sign of weakness.  There are many modern Christians who are just fine with sitting in church and getting the word and going home to an abusive man or woman who does not believe.  When you look at the entire thing, they are not taking God’s word to heart and that is why many things in saved and unsaved lives are messed up right now. 

Many Christians will watch the world go up in smoke and will not take to heart the Word of God which could stop a suicide if they would just talk to the person who is attempting it.  No, they will not do that.  What many take to heart these days in church really has no spiritual value.  I have noticed that many are spiritually disabled and really do not care about what is outside of the walls and in the streets that surround the church. 

Many Christians take to heart the wrong actions or facts.  Many have not taken to heart that some of the reasons they are having issues is because they have strayed ever-so-slowly away from God. They stopped taking things to heart about God.  A few things they have not taken to heart is the reading of their bible; the diminishing prayer life; the low church attendance; the refusal to give financially to the ministry they operate under; and their actual returning to fall in love with the world.

For other Christians they have taken to heart the fact that somebody didn’t shake their hand.  Somebody didn’t speak to them.  Somebody didn’t compliment their new outfit.  They have taken to heart that somebody didn’t smile at them. Somebody criticized them regarding something. Somebody shunned them at the mall or in the church.  They take to heart that they didn’t get recognized from the pulpit or somebody sang the song they wanted to sing.  However you look at it, somebody either did or didn’t do something the way they thought it should be done and they got their feelings hurt.  They are taking it to heart and that is not good.  You have certain folks sitting in lofty positions in churches all over this nation who look down their noses at the members like they are so much better than they are and if a member asks a question, they have to make an appointment to see them just to get one question answered.  Then they take to heart the ill feelings and cold handshakes they receive from the membership when they decide that they want to be friendly and kind towards the people.  When a leader does that, the people take to heart that the leader wants something from them and that is why they continue to shun the leader and give him or her short answers and a snippy remark before walking away from them. 

People who take the wrong things to heart generally sit around and feel sorry for themselves.  They fail to cooperate with others and always find fault with any and everything.  They will often blame others for their unsavory and unethical ways.  They often fail to fulfill their God given responsibilities and obligations.  They fail to sense and respond to the moving of the Holy Spirit.  They neglect to worship the Lord as they should, which is in spirit and in truth.  All because they take the wrong things to heart, which in the biblical sense is in their minds.  Their minds are so convoluted with things that do not matter that there is little to no room for God to enter in and make changes in their lives.  Therefore they leave God no other option than to allow them to suffer as a result of their own decisions without God. 

If we limit God by taking the wrong things to heart, we will never defeat the Goliaths in our lives.  We will never cross our Red Seas.  We will never survive our fiery furnaces.  We will never see our Jericho walls fall to give us access to our destiny.  We will never conquer our bad habits.  If we continue to take the wrong things to heart, we will always have blinded eyes.  We will always have deaf ears.  We will always have broken hearts.  So you must tell the enemy, that no matter what you say, I am NO LONGER taking it to heart but I am giving it and you over to God in the name of Jesus.

You must tell the devil and the people who allow him to use them that you are determined to follow God’s ways.  You may stumble here and there but you don’t fall off of the path, but you fall down on the path.  You get back up and continue along the narrow path of righteousness.  You must be determined to take God and his word to heart.  You must get up and lay aside every weight and the sin that so easily besets us.  You tell him I will not be weary in well doing, knowing that if I faint not, I shall receive a just reward.  Tell him that I am leaning on the everlasting arms of Jesus, regardless of my situation or circumstance.  Tell him I have taken too many of the wrong things to heart.  I have taken too much talk, too many insults, too many snide remarks, too many pusillanimous statements from behind the pulpit when you should be talking about the Lord, and too many back-stabbings to heart.  Tell the enemy I have changed course and my heart is now on making what God wants me to make out of my life.  I have decided to take God to heart.  I have decided to take his word to heart.  I have decided to take the Holy Spirit to heart.  I have decided to set heaven as my goal and around the throne of God as my destiny.

Tell the enemy and the people he uses to try to get under your skin because they are uncomfortable with themselves that you will not allow anyone to hinder you from obtaining your personal and spiritual goals.  Tell the haters I will no longer allow you to make me change direction after God has given me revelation in my walk.  Yes, you may trip me up sometimes. Yes you may fool me sometimes. Yes, I may have to cry sometimes.  Yes, I will make mistakes sometimes.  Yes, I will misjudge or miscalculate sometimes.  Yes, I will say things I should not say to people sometimes.  Yes, I will get upset and angry sometimes.  But I am going to walk this Christian walk to the best of my ability because I have taken God to heart.  I am going make this journey that I am destined to make. 

Each step I take, after taking God to heart, will make me better and not bitter.  Each step I take will make me stronger and not weaker.  Each step I take will make my spiritual eyesight sharper and dimmer.  Each step I take will strengthen my spirit and increase my mental capacity to deal with your sententious and pretentious attitude.  I have taken God to heart.

I have walked too many miles. I am strong enough now that I can carry my evil relatives.  I can carry the lies you have told on me.  I can carry the rumors you have started.  I can carry all of the trash that the enemy can throw at me.